Jumbo loan is a loan in which the loan amount of the mortgage exceeds the loan-servicing limits of conventional loans set by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac - currently $424,100 for a single-family home in all states (except Hawaii and Alaska and a few federally designated high-cost markets, where the limit is $636,150).
Jumbo loans, also known as Jumbo mortgages, are made available by all Portfolio lenders for primary residences, second or vacation homes, and investment propertie. They are also available in a variety of terms, including fixed-rate and adjustable-rate loans. Since Jumbo loans are not sold to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, the underwriting guidelines are left to the lending institutions to determine. This creates a variety of Jumbo loan options to potential borrowers.
Many different loan options are available for different financial profiles, locations, and loan requests. The number of combinations is staggering and the only way to find out your best option is to make use of our loan calculator. Evaluate the relative advantages and disadvantages of each Jumbo program tailored to your own financial situation. Then, if you wish, present your scenario to a Jumbo mortgage lender and receive actual loan quotes.
Jumbo Loans and Super Jumbo loans are no different. Sometimes what determines the name is the loan size. Some lenders call loans of up to $1million a Jumbo loan, and Super Jumbo for anything higher. Others set the limit lower and might call a loan “Jumbo” even if it is a $5 or $10million loan.
Jumbo loans do not need to follow Conventional loan rules but still must meet several laws, among them the Home Ownership and Equity Protection Act (HOEPA) passed in 2008 as an amendment to the Truth in Lending Act (TILA). In 1994 HOEPA was amended to add a separate disclosure requirement for higher-priced mortgage loans (HPMLs), also known as Section 35 loans. Regulations required by the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Frank Act) widen the classification of all HOEPA loans, in order to provide more stringent lending requirements for Section 32 high-cost loans and Section 35 loans.
While a Section 32 high-cost loan and a Section 35 higher-priced mortgage loan have similar guidelines for designation and use, they are not interchangeable and have different lending restrictions and disclosure requirements. The requirements and thresholds for Section 35 loans were adjusted in 2014 and 2015. These changes basically ensure that the lender must consider the borrower’s ability to repay the mortgage.
The Jumbo and Super Jumbo can be divided into sub-categories:
Prime Jumbo loan programs typically have very strict underwriting rules and require the borrower to have excellent credit, excellent debt ratio, all verified by taxes, reserves, stability and low loan-to-value. Prime Jumbo has the best rate and terms available of the jumbo loans.
Subprime Jumbo loan programs are more liberal regarding credit and credit score requirements, as long as the LTV is low and the borrower can verify his income. Rate and terms are not as favorable as in the Prime Jumbo loan.
Alt Docs Jumbo loans are designed mainly for self-employed borrowers who can't provide tax returns but instead can demonstrate strong income flow. Unlike the Subprime Jumbo, the Alt Doc Jumbo requires excellent credit, verification of 12 or 24 bank statements, evidence of cash in the bank, and lower LTV.
Hard Money Jumbo loans can be done with very low LTV, normally below 65%. Owner occupied borrowers must still verify an ability to pay. Rates can be twice or three times as high as Prime Jumbo loans. Hard Money Jumbo Loans are made to borrowers with bad credit or in situations where money is required very fast.
The above 4 major Jumbo categories are not set in stone, and some grey area exists allowing for combinations and variations amongst different lenders.
What do you need to know about Jumbo loans?
Luckily with the use of Lendersa you don't need to know anything about any of the definitions. Simply enter your data and find out what options are available for you. Start here with your ZIP Code (we never ask you for a Social Security Number):
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get started instantly in securing the loan you need.